Sustainable Development Goals and Their Background

Sustainable Development Goals And Their Background
Sustainable Development Goals, abbreviated as SDGs, or in the World known as the Sustainable Development Goals, are 17 goals with 169 organized achievements set by the United Nations in the world development agenda for the benefit of humans and planet Earth. The goal was announced by the intergovernmental countries in the UN resolution which was issued October 21, 2015 with the aim of joint development ambitions until 2030. The goal is a continuation / replacement of the Millennium Development Goals signed by leaders from 189 countries as the Millennium Declaration at the headquarters The United Nations in 2000 and has not been reinstated since 2015.

Background on Sustainable Development Goals
The new sustainable development plan has been made in response to the demands of world leadership in overcoming poverty, inequality and climate change with concrete forms of action. The concept of the Sustainable Development Goals was born at the UN Sustainable Development Conference, Rio + 20, 2012 with the setting of targets that can be applied universally and can be measured in balancing 3 dimensions of sustainable development, namely social, environmental and economic.
The agenda in 2030 is 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SGD) or Global Goals, which will guide funding and policies for the next 15 years (2030).
In order to turn these demands into action, world leaders met at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, on September 25, 2015 to start the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.
This objective was devised since 19 July 2014 and submitted to the UN General Assembly by the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals. In the proposal there are 17 objectives with achievements that cover the issue of sustainable development. These include alleviating poverty and hunger, education, improving health, tackling climate change, sustainable city development, and protecting the sea and forests.

Sustainable Development Goals
In August 2015, 193 countries agreed on the following 17 goals:
Without Poverty
Elimination of all types of poverty in all places.

Without starvation
End hunger to achieve food security and to improve nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.

Prosperous and healthy life
Supporting well-being and promoting healthy living for all ages.

Quality education
Encourage lifelong learning opportunities and ensure quality education that is appropriate and inclusive for everyone.

Gender equality
Empower all women and achieve gender equality.

Clean water and proper sanitation
Guaranteeing access to water and sanitation for all.

Clean and affordable energy
Ensuring access to reliable, affordable, modern and sustainable energy for all.

Decent work and economic growth
Promote sustainable economic growth and employment and decent work for all.

Industry, innovation and infrastructure
Promote sustainable industrialization, build strong infrastructure and encourage innovation.

Reduced gap
Reducing the gap between countries and within.

Cities and communities are sustainable
Making cities safe, inclusive, strong and sustainable.

Responsible consumption and production
Ensuring sustainable production and consumption patterns

Handling climate change
Take important steps to fight climate change and its effects.

Marine ecosystems
Sustainable use and protection of oceans, seas and marine resources

Terrestrial ecosystems
Maintaining forests sustainably, stopping and repairing land damage, fighting land conversion to desert, stopping biodiversity extinction.

Peace, justice and resilient institutions
Encouraging a just, peaceful and inclusive society

Partnership to achieve goals
Reviving global cooperation for sustainable development.